In 1988, a scandal erupted over allegations of widespread abuse of youth at Mount Cashel Orphanage in Newfoundland and Labrador. Since the Mount Cashel scandal erupted, a number of clergy and lay officials of all denominations have been charged and religious institutions all over the world have contributed to the mismanagement and under reporting of abuse cases.
Twenty-five years after the formation of the Archdiocesan Commission of Enquiry into the Sexual Abuse of Children by Members of the Clergy little has been done to foster healing and prevent misconduct from reoccurring.
This province still feels the wounds caused by the sexual, physical, psychological, spiritual and cultural abuse at the hands of clergy, lay officials and religious institutions as a whole. A number of influences contributed to what has now become a global crisis, including the underlying systemic and cultural views on power and sexuality. More cases of abuse have been reported and there are an untold number of cases that have been settled silently, outside of court.
Most provinces and indigenous communities in Canada have their own horror stories of abuse. First Nations, Innu and Métis children were taken from their families and forced to attend residential schools over much of the last century and there are an estimated 80,000 survivors of these schools alive today. Even after the Truth and Reconciliation Commission the intergenerational trauma of such a tragedy is ongoing and persistent, especially in Labrador where survivors of residential schools were excluded from an apology by the federal government.
Gemma Hickey grew up in St. John’s. She is a widely known activist and advocate of many causes. She is also a survivor of clergy sexual abuse. Based on her experiences and extensive research, she founded Pathways in order to address the gaps in service for men and woman who have experienced abuse within religious institutions. The organization was incorporated in December of 2013.